Pre-menopause, menopause and hair loss

Things to remember

An androgenetic hair loss affects around 50% of women (Cf. articles published by the learned medical society British Menopause Society -2022-) around the age of fifty, at the menopause.
The reduction and then cessation of ovarian oestrogen secretions creates an imbalance in favour of androgen hormones.
This imbalance can lead to hair thinning or exacerbate existing hair loss.
At the first sign of hair loss, we advise you to consult us, as it will not stop on its own. But we can help to stabilise it with a local anti-androgen treatment.

Symptoms of menopausal hair loss

At the menopause, with thecessation of ovarian secretionsWomen lose 80 % of their oestrogen. Unfortunately, their androgen levels fall by only 10 to 30 %. The androgen/estrogen ratio therefore increases significantly. This imbalance can lead to symptoms of hyperandrogenism (excess male hormones), particularly in terms of hair density for women with a genetic predisposition to a excessive sensitivity of their scalp to androgen hormones.

For these women, the imbalance they experience often has serious consequences. It can accentuate or cause a progressive thinning of their hair, their female hormones no longer act as an antidote to limit the harmful effects of androgens. This is known as androgenetic alopecia and these problems generally occur before or around the age of fifty.

Important

The hair loss can begin four or five years before the menopause, at the time of the premenopause, often when menstruation starts to become less regular, or even before.

The intensity of the disorder varies greatly, depending on the strength of the predisposition and the stress it generates. It can range from a slight thinning of the hair to significant loss of part of the head.

What is androgenetic alopecia?

This hair loss is due to androgens, the male sex hormones. also secreted by women in small quantities. On scalps receptive to their action, these hormones weaken the hair, making them thinner and, ultimately, less numerous. The areas affected are the top and vertex of the head, more rarely the sides of the head and the forehead.

What to do about hair loss during the menopause?

The first thing to do is to make sure, by means of a in-depth diagnosis of your hair and an analysis of their roots, that it is not, for example, a question of a ordinary seasonal fallsor a falls due to iron deficiency or a medication but a long-term hormonal problem. In this case, better to react quickly because your disorder will not stabilise on its own. The process may slow down and seem to stop for a while, but it will always start again if it is not treated.

Treatment of menopausal hair loss

For neutralise the degradation process, we need to intervene where the life of the hair develops: the root and the hair follicle.

Local treatment

With an anti-hair loss treatment it is possible to treat the three vital functions of hair and to generate, in areas where hair is becoming thinner, a hair regrowth dense and vigorous. It is now even possible to reactivate dormant hair follicle, see Clauderer 6R and 7R serums

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

At the menopause, certain hormone replacement therapies (HRT) or menopause treatments (MHT) can also help reduce negative action that androgens exert on hair follicles. However, these treatments can only be considered ifsubject to a full medical check-up and rigorous monitoring by your gynaecologist.

On the other hand, as for the contraceptive pill not all HRT is good for your hair, on the other hand, some of them may have no negative effects or even bring about a definite improvement in your hair problem. If you decide to follow one of these treatments, it's best to know which ones will be good for your hair.

List of hormone replacement therapies (HRT) and their effects on your hair

It is the composition of the progestogen that counts, as well as its dosage. Some progestogen molecules have a positive effect on hair, while others have a negative effect. The Centre Clauderer has established a rating system for hormone treatments, according to the effect they may have on hair cycles, with positive ratings (anti-androgenic effect), neutral ratings (no androgenic effect) and negative ratings (with a tendency to 'androgenise', which should be avoided in your case).

Caution!

These quotations are established strictly from the point of view of hair. You should always follow your doctor's advice to find out which medicine is best suited to your personal case. This dossier was drawn up in collaboration with Dr C. Magot, a gynaecologist.

Estrogen-progestins

BRANDCONTRIBUTIONESTROGENPROGESTATIVE
ACTIVELLENEGATIVE1mg estradiol0.5mg noresthisterone acet.
AVADENEPOSITIVE1-1mg estradiol0.025mg gestodene
ANGELIQPOSITIVE1mg estradiol2mg drospirenone
CLIMASTONPOSITIVE1mg estradiol5mg dydrogesterone
CLIMATEPOSITIVE2mg estradiol1mg cyproterone acetate
CLIMODIENEPOSITIVE2mg estradiol2mg dienogest
DIVINANEUTRAL2- 2mg estradiol0-10mg medroxyprogesterone
DIVISEQNEUTRAL2- 1mg estradiol0-10mg medroxyprogesterone
DUOVANEGATIVE1mg estradiol5mg medroxyprogesterone
FEMOSTONPOSITIVE1 mg estradiol5mg dydrogesterone
FEMOSTON LOWNEUTRAL0.5 mg estradiol2.5mg dydrogesterone
FEMSEPTCOMBINEGATIVE50 µg/day estradiol10 µg/day levonorgestrel
FEMSEPTEVONEGATIVE50 µg/day estradiol7µg/day levonorgestrel
KLIOGESTNEGATIVE2mg estradiol2mg nomgestrol
NAEMISNEGATIVE1.5mg estradiol3,5mg norethisterone
NOVAFEMMENEGATIVE1mg estradiol1mg norethisterone
TRISEQUENSNEGATIVE2-2-1mg estradiol0-1-0mg norethisterone acetate

Progestins alone

BRANDCONTRIBUTIONPROGESTATIVE
ANDROCURPOSITIVE50mg cyproterone acetate
CHLORMADINONE GéNEUTRAL5mg chlormadinone acetate
COLPRONENEUTRAL5mg medrogestone
DUPHASTONPOSITIVE10mg dydrogesterone
ESTIMANEUTRAL100 - 200mg natural progesterone
EVAPAUSE GéNEUTRAL100mg natural progesterone
LIVIALNEGATIVE2,5mg tibolone
LUTENYLNEGATIVE5mg nomegestrol acetate
LUTERAN 5NEUTRAL5mg chlormadinone acetate
MENÆLLENEUTRAL100mg natural progesterone
NOMEGESTROLNEGATIVE5mg nomegestrol acetate
PROGESTERONE GéNEUTRAL100mg natural progesterone
SURGESTONENEGATIVE0,500mg promégestone
UTROGESTANNEUTRAL100 - 200mg natural progesterone

Estrogens alone

They are all hair-neutral, whatever their method of administration: tablet, patch, gel, nasal or vaginal. Always combined with a progestogen (except in the case of hysterectomy).

Menopause adjuvant treatment

BRANDCONTRIBUTIONCOMPONENT
ABUFÈNENEUTRAL400mg beta-alanine
INTRINSANEGATIVEtestosterone 8.4 mg

Answers to your questions about the menopause and hair

Does every woman lose hair at the menopause?

Not all women lose their hair at the menopause. This only applies to women with genetic predisposition to the negative action of androgens on their hair follicles. For some women, this predisposition may have manifested itself before the menopause and turned into prolonged hair loss, during childbirth for example. For others, it is really during the menopause, at the time of the almost total disappearance of their ovarian secretions that hair problems are triggered. This is because stopping hair production leaves the way clear for androgens, whose secretions remain virtually unchanged. The imbalance between male and female hormones can then lead to chronic alopecia.

What can be done to combat menopausal hair loss?

Most of the time, women experience hair loss at the menopause with great anxiety, seeing it as an additional stigma attached to their age. That's why, as soon as they become aware of the problem, we advise them to follow a local anti-androgen treatment because their loss of hair density will not stop on its own and can only get worse. This treatment will inhibit the negative action of androgens in the hair-producing cells, allowing the hair to return to normal size and life cycles. At the same time, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), if judiciously chosen, can also help preserve as much hair as possible.

Jean-François Cabos

Jean-François Cabos is the creator of a unique hair care method based on the research he coordinated, which led to the publication of the book "Cheveux, Racines de Vie" with Hélène Clauderer by Robert Laffont (Collection "Réponses/ Santé").

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